The End of Maui Sugarcane

The Pu‘unēnē Mill has ceased production, along with 36,000 acres of sugarcane farming in Maui’s central valley and along the island’s north shore, ending about two centuries of commercial sugar in Hawai‘i. Maui’s very identity is teetering between crisis and opportunity.


Maui cane burning controversyThe Immediate Hit

Nearly 700 HC&S employees lost their jobs in 2016. Most of those jobs were specialized. If you know how to operate a gigantic crane-grab that hoists tons of burnt cane stalks into a tournahauler, you will not find the equivalent position at, say, a resort golf course. Also, many employees had a family history with HC&S, some many generations deep. There has been pain.

Fortunately, Maui’s economy is strong, with unemployment at just 3 percent. And HC&S’s own vigorous employment-transition programs have been boosted by support from labor unions, the State, Maui County Mayor Alan Arakawa’s Sugar Operators Support Task Force, and even the U.S. Department of Labor. Alexander & Baldwin CEO and president Chris Benjamin, who managed Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar from 2009 to 2011, said last March, “Our responsibility to our HC&S employees will not end with the cessation of sugar production.”

What will end, though, is an extraordinary history of skills-training programs that have produced, over the years, thousands of certified welders, electricians, internal-combustion mechanics, and other journeyman-level skilled workers. One former millwright, who learned welding while on the payroll of Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar, claimed that, “Other than Pearl Harbor, the state has no other training facility for these skills.” Over the decades, many graduates of HC&S apprentice programs took their skills elsewhere in the county and state. Now we’ve lost a de facto training academy, and that loss is probably immeasurable.

On Maui, many vendors of agricultural products, machine components, and irrigation supplies just lost their best customer. Greg Heyd, the Maui branch manager for Brewer Environmental Industries, says that the loss of HC&S was “a crushing blow. We had a partnership that went back over 100 years.” He declines to state specifics, but concedes that “the numbers are big.”

Asked whether Maui’s small-scale farmers, who have piggybacked on HC&S’s bulk purchases, will also feel the loss, Heyd says, “That’s accurate. We’ve been bringing in whole containers. Now we may have   to go to smaller quantities from our Honolulu operation.” For Brewer and for Maui, this financial blow is just now striking.

Also, HC&S has been a prominent contributor to community causes and nonprofits such as Maui United Way and Maui Arts & Cultural Center. But Benjamin of A&B pledged last January that his company “remains committed to Maui and will continue to be a significant corporate supporter of Maui charities and organizations.” The company’s message has been consistent: this is not an end but the beginning of an uncertain transition.



  1. I want to retain some of the old Hawaii. Sorry to see the sugar cane go away, looked forward to seeing the stacks smoking and sugar cane blowing in the wind. Too much development of too many units robs Hawaii of what makes Hawaii. The Island feel of things past and a people that ruled these Islands and kept them beautiful and treated it with respect. Over fishing, polluting the oceans with plastic and garbage, most people just don’t care, it’s very sad. Pineapple goes, sugar cane goes and soon Hawaii, Maui, will not be the beautiful Island it once was.

  2. HC&S will most likely go with selling the cane fields to wealthy land developers who will ruin the central valley and Northshore by putting new housing developments all over the area! (farming…? For real…?)
    The once quaint and quiet Northshore will have a highway put in to replace Hana Highway so that all the malahini can get to their “gated communities!” Maui County better pass some land development restrictions NOW, before big money corrupts the outcome of Maui’s precious resources and limited infrastructure…
    What would you rather have, the cane fields and the occasional “Hawaiian snow” or tons of mainlanders swooping in to buy their new vacation homes in a gated community near you…?


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

+ 67 = 77